As more and more people move to live in urban centers the food requirements for them grow. Its estimated that by the year of 2050 nearly 80% of the human population will live in urban centers. According to the newest estimates, the populace numbers will rise up to 3 million during this period. Now, to feed the populace with enough food, new land the size of Brazil should to be cultivated (if we presume that farming practices continue as they are practiced today). Today, in the world, around 80% is used of the land mass suitable for raising crops. How can we prepare for the future and satisfy the food requirements? – One of the best potential solutions is the vertical farming.
Even though the idea of indoor farming is not new, since hothouse growth of tomatoes and a wide variety of other plants, it has been popular for some time. The need to accommodate another 3 million people has pushed people to think of new ways for indoor farming which will make use of new cutting edge technologies. Basically this is how the concept for the vertical farming was born. These vertical farms will have to be cheap, efficient and easily constructed in large urban centers. With the implementation of vertical farms sustainable production of a food supply will be provided avoiding any food supply crisis we may encounter in the near future.
So what would the advantages of vertical farming be, you might wonder. Well, one of the most important things worth mentioning is the year-round crop production, planned to be achieved with indoor heating and sustainable systems for growing the crops. Also the vertical farms will prevent outdoor weather such as floods and droughts to influence the crops as they do to crops planted outdoors. They will also reduce the occurrence of many infectious diseases that normally appear on crops planted normally on a horizontal farm and can be really useful when implemented in refugee camps.